On June 20, based on BusinessKorea, Samsung Electronics is planning to meet up with TSMC, the world’s largest foundry firm, by constructing a 3-nanometer GAA (Gate-all-around) course of within the subsequent three years.
It is reported that GAA is a next-generation course of expertise that improves the construction of semiconductor transistors in order that the gate can contact all 4 sides of the transistor as a substitute of three sides of the present FinFET course of. The GAA construction can management the present extra precisely than the FinFET course of.
According to DevelopmentForce knowledge, within the fourth quarter of 2021, TSMC accounted for 52.1% of the worldwide foundry market, far exceeding Samsung Electronics’ 18.3%.
Samsung Electronics is betting on making use of GAA expertise to 3nm course of to meet up with TSMC. According to stories, the South Korean semiconductor big put 3-nanometer GAA course of wafers for trial manufacturing in early June, changing into the primary firm on this planet to make use of GAA expertise. Samsung hopes to shortly slender the hole with TSMC by means of technological leaps. The 3nm course of improves semiconductor efficiency and cell effectivity by 15% and 30%, respectively, whereas lowering the die space by 35% in comparison with the 5nm course of.
Following the applying of GAA expertise to its 3nm course of within the first half of this 12 months,Samsung plans to introduce second-generation 3-nanometer chips in 2023 and mass-produce GAA-based 2-nanometer chips in 2025. TSMC’s technique is to enter the 3nm semiconductor market utilizing a secure FinFET course of within the second half of this 12 months, whereas Samsung Electronics is betting on GAA expertise.
Experts say Samsung might be a game-changer within the foundry market if it ensures secure yields in its GAA-based 3-nanometer course of.TSMC is anticipated to introduce GAA course of ranging from 2nm chips, and launch the primary product round 2026. For Samsung Electronics, the following three years will likely be a important interval.
Recently, Samsung introduced that it’s going to make investments a complete of 450 trillion received (about 2.34 trillion yuan) in key industries corresponding to semiconductors over the following 5 years. However, Samsung has hit a snag with the 3nm course of. Like Samsung, TSMC is having bother ramping up yields on its 3nm course of.
IT House discovered that TSMC initially deliberate to make use of 3nm expertise to mass-produce semiconductors for Intel and Apple beginning in July, however has encountered difficulties in guaranteeing the specified yield. DigiTimes stories that TSMC has struggled to make sure the specified yield of its 3-nanometer course of and has due to this fact revised its expertise roadmap a number of instances.
Samsung Electronics is going through an analogous scenario, with wafers already in use for trial manufacturing of the 3nm course of, however the firm has been delaying saying official mass manufacturing as a consequence of low yield points. “Unless Samsung Electronics secures enough customers for its 7-nm or more advanced process, investors’ anxiety about Samsung Electronics’ future performance may be heightened,” mentioned Roh Keun-chang, head of analysis at Hyundai Motor Securities.